|MUSKOGEE CREEK INDIAN FACT SHEET
1. A typical village consisted of about 125 people.
2. Each village had many clan chiefs and one principal chief.
3. Villages were located near a creek. The Muskogee people were called Creeks be the Europeans because they lived beside bodies of water.
4. A typical diet consisted of corn, beans, vegetables, and wild meats.
5. Creek Indians worshipped the Master of Breath, who was called Hesaketimese.
6. They buried their dead under ground.
7. The children identified with and lived with the mother’s clan.
8. The adult female’s daily duties include farming, taking care of the children, and preparing food. Some women would weave garments or work the skins for garments.
9. The adult male’s daily duties included farming, hunting, making pottery flint napping, etc…
10. Their favorite games were chunky (stick) ball.
11. A typical male’s clothing looked like leggings, breach cloth with moccasins. After the Europeans came, long shirts, sacred belts, pouches and turbans became part of the dress.
12. A typical female’s clothing was a small skirt of skins or bark. After trading with the Europeans, the women began to weave cotton into cloth and they began to trade and use homespun cotton and ribbons.
13. A typical child’s clothing was a small breach cloth for the boys and skirts for the girls.
14. A typical village had one garden per family and a community garden for the elderly and disabled.
15. Each family had four houses built in a square, with each house serving a special purpose.
16. The square was used for government, ceremonial and social purposes.
17. The roundhouse was for the assembling of men or women where they continued their meetings and took care for the elderly. When the weather
was very cold or during times of sickness.
18. Courtship before marriage lasted for a year.
19. Each town had ceremonial people to provide counsel and guidance to the tribe.
20. Typical family sizes varied. Historically, the men could have more than one wife, and the family size often depended on how many wives there were. He had to be able to afford more than one wife. In addition, his first wife chose all the other wives.
21. Cooking utensils were made from pottery, wood and stone.
22. A family’s wealth was measured by the family size.
23. Rank within a clan was achieved by blood. However, a person could also achieve rank through his dedication to the tribe.
24. Clan mothers roles included educating the young women in cooking, clothing making and general care of the family.
25. The Muskogee were coppertone in color, and like other races, there were various sizes and shapes.
26. Modes of transportation were by canoe, horse and walking.
27. Typical weapons for war and hunting included blowgun bow arrow, and hatchet.
28. Names were given at birth and then at each of the four steps a person had to go through in the life cycle.
29. The age of maturity was about twelve.
30. The food was stored and preserved by drying.
31. Typical dances were the stomp dance, social dance and story telling dance.